"Risk " is part and parcel of a business and is unavoidable. However certain risks which a business faces can be avoided by insuring your business called business insurance.
You pay a premium and insure your business for a sum of money called sum assured. Business insurance covers fire and allied perils, loss of Company equipment due to theft, third party liability if your business causes damage to public property and a professional indemnity cover.
You invest a lot of money in a business. You want to concentrate only on making a profit. You have uncertainty in the business environment (inflation and political changes) which can affect your business. There is nothing you can do about these changes in the business environment.
A business also faces risk to its location due to a fire, flood or a natural calamity. This is true mainly for a manufacturing unit (Factory which manufactures products).Your business might face risk from theft of data by your employees. This is true especially in the service industry (Financial services and IT). On the job injuries are common to a business (especially for a manufacturing unit).You would have to pay a lot of money in compensation to your employees injured on duty. The risk due to this uncertainty can be avoided by availing business insurance.
Compensation available to the location of the business, furniture and also costly office equipment if destroyed in a fire.
Your workers are compensated, if they suffer on the job injuries. Workers compensation is compulsory in India.
Your business is compensated from any theft, burglary or robbery on the business premises.
Compensation to clients and legal fees taken care of, if errors, omissions or negligence by the business, results in a loss to the client.
Any kind of business willing to insure against possible risks.
It is compulsory for businesses in India which employ workmen to avail worker's compensation. If your employee is injured, killed during the course of his work (on the job duty) then this is an on the job injury.
The workers compensation policy pays the worker compensation/money for injuries suffered at work.
If your business is a manufacturing unit then protection/cover against fire and allied perils (earthquake, landslides, floods, storms) is a must.
You must insure your entire property against these risks. Insure the boundary walls of your business/manufacturing unit, elevator/lift, office equipment, costly electronic equipment and furniture.
Document (Show proof of ownership) of all this equipment so that the insurer can easily settle your claim.
Your business can suffer a severe loss due to a theft/burglary. You can avail insurance/cover against the loss you suffer in a theft or the damage to your business property in a burglary/attempted burglary. You are not covered for theft of jewelry, property and business documents.
You must avail a sufficient sum assured (Coverage amount) for your business so that the loss of equipment in a theft is not too costly for you.
Your business must avail a general third party liability to protect the business from claims of injury and death of a third party during the course of the business.
This also covers:
Damage and destruction to the property of a third party.
The advertisements of your business may invade the privacy of a person (this affects his/her personal life), infringement of the copyrights/patents/trademarks of another business or defame a person (libel).
Claims of harassment and discrimination.
All these claims for damages are settled by a general third party liability.
While running a business if damage/injury is caused to your clients (people you serve) then you are liable to pay for damages.This is mainly availed if you are a highly qualified professional such as a lawyer, doctor, chartered accountant, engineer or a consultant.
The claims settled in professional indemnity insurance are:
Negligence: Your negligence or the negligence of the business causes death or injury to your clients. If you are a doctor then you must have professional indemnity insurance.
Copyrights: If you unintentionally infringe on the copyrights and the patents of another business.
Loss of data: If you lose data or important documents of your clients then you will have to pay huge amounts of money in damages. Injury caused by machines: The machines you use in the business can cause injury to a client (Think machines doctors use). You must avail errors and omissions cover if your business uses information and network technology.
A professional indemnity insurance covers (pays up claims for such damages).
This insurance is very necessary if you have a manufacturing unit. The products your business manufactures could be defective and cause injury to a client (customer) who purchases your product.
These products are generally used, touched or consumed. If you have a business which manufactures food products, toys and so on make sure to avail product liability insurance.There are different types of business insurance policies. You need to make sure that your business has all the protection it needs.
There must be an actual loss of business income.
The business must experience a necessary suspension of operations during restoration.
Property Insurance: Protects against damage to business location (can include specific insurance such as fire...)
Causality insurance: Broad category of property insurance, protects against damage and liability, vehicle insurance, elevator insurance.
Public liability insurance: Protects against liability claimed by third party due to business or its employees' negligence.
Pay workers in case of injury or illness.
Health insurance for its employees.
Scripted Insurance: If your business is unique and needs a specific kind of insurance.
Business interruption insurance: Protect against loss or damage to cash flow or profit caused by business not able to operate due to some reasons.
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