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Affordable Medicines for All: Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi Yojana Research Team | Posted On Friday, June 08,2018, 06:01 PM

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Affordable Medicines for All: Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi Yojana



Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP), is a campaign launched by the Department of Pharmaceuticals, Government of India. Its aim is to provide quality medicines at affordable prices to all citizens of India. Stores or Kendras known as Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi Kendras have been set up to provide generic drugs to the masses.

The generic drugs supplied through such stores are available at lesser prices, but equivalent in quality and efficacy as their expensive branded counterparts.

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Affordable Medicines for All: Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi Yojana


In the year 2008, Government of India launched the “Jan Aushadhi Yojana” with an aim to sell generic medicines (Medicines available over the counter), through exclusive outlets named as “Jan Aushadhi Stores”. Amritsar in Punjab was the first district to have a “Jan Aushadhi Store” in the whole of India.

In 2015, Jan Aushadhi Yojana was renamed as the “Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Yojana” (PMJAY). In 2016, the scheme was again renamed as “Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana" (PMBJP).


What are generic medicines?


Generic medicines have the same active ingredient of an original branded drug but are less expensive. This is because it does not include the cost of research and development.


Benefits of Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP):


    1. Access to quality drugs at affordable prices.

    2. Dedicated stores sell these generic medicines.

    3. These generic medicines are equivalent to branded drugs in terms of quality and efficacy.


Table of comparison:



Jan Aushadhi Stores:           


    1.These stores are open across the country.

    2.Working hours for these stores are 8 AM to 8 PM.

    3.Therapeutic medicines are available too.

    4.Medicines and surgical items are supplied at these stores.

    5.OTC (Over-the-counter) products can be purchased without a prescription.

    6.A prescription is necessary for the purchase of scheduled drugs.

    7.BPPI (Bureau of Pharma Public Sector Undertakings of India) has been established under the Department of Pharmaceuticals to co-coordinate procurement, supply and marketing of generic drugs through these stores.

  8.State Governments, NGOs, Trusts, Private hospitals, charitable institutions, Doctors, Unemployed pharmacists, individual entrepreneurs are eligible to apply for new Jan Aushadhi stores.

    9.The applicants will have to employ a B Pharma or D Pharma degree holder as a Pharmacist in their stores.


SEE ALSO: Why Youth In India Are Not Looking For Jobs?


Financial support is available for Jan Aushadhi Store owners:


    1.Jan Aushadhi stores in Government hospital premises are provided free of cost by the Government.

    2.BPPI will provide one-time financial assistance up to Rs 2.5 Lakhs.

  •   Rs 1 Lakh reimbursement for furniture and fixtures.
  •    Free medicines worth Rs 1 Lakh to begin operations.
  •    Rs 50,000 as reimbursement for computer, internet, printer, scanner costs and so on.
  •    20% margin for retailers and 10% for distributors.
  •    An Allowance of 2% of total sales or actual loss, whichever is lower, as compensation against expiry of medicines.

There’s some criticism for this Yojana. Only 20% patients at Civil Hospitals benefit from this facility. Most of the stores haven’t stocked common medicines for months because of lack of supply.


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