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Business Loan - Features, Interest Rate and Eligibility Research Team | Posted On Thursday, June 13,2019, 05:26 PM

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Business Loan - Features, Interest Rate and Eligibility



What is a Business Loan?

A Business loan refers to the money borrowed by a company or a businessman for a pre-specified term and a fixed interest rate. Business loans can be availed for funding business needs like working capital needs, investing in a new project, purchasing equipment or for the expansion of a business. One of the main benefits of business loan is that it does not require any collateral or security.

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Business Loan- Features, Interest Rate and Eligibility

Features of Business Loans:

Collateral Free Loans: These loans are unsecured loans offered without any collateral or security. However, before sanctioning the loan, the banks check your credit report and score, age and income of the past few years.

Fixed Interest Rate: The rates of interest on the business loan are fixed, which implies that the rates of interest remain constant across the tenure. The rate of interest on business loan is around 14-24% a year.

Flexible Repayment Tenure: Business loans come with flexible repayment tenure. This is a key feature of business loans that makes them an attractive funding option for businessmen.

Loan Amount: An individual can avail a maximum business loan of Rs 50 Lakhs provided he has a good credit score and a steady source of income. Banks check the financial credibility of the borrower before sanctioning the business loan.

Minimal Paperwork: You can also avail business loans online by visiting the website of the bank or through mobile banking apps of the bank. You can also avail business loans from online loan aggregators. Online business loans require minimum documentation and can be uploaded and submitted for verification.

Fast Processing: Once you submit the documents, banks scrutinize them and approve the business loan. The loan approval is followed by the disbursal process. Expect fast processing of the business loan.

See Also: Types Of Business Loans

Eligibility Criteria for Business Loans:

Business loans can be availed by the self employed, limited and private liability company, manufacturers and services providers. The banks have certain eligibility criteria that must be fulfilled by the applicant. Loans are easily approved without wasting much time.

  • The applicant must be 21 years to 65 years of age.
  • The applicant must have run the business for the last 3 years.
  • The annual business turnover must be Rs 50 Lakh or more with a minimum profit of Rs 2 Lakhs.
  • Show the last 3 years Income Tax Returns filed.
  • The business partner can sign the business loan as a co-applicant. This helps you avail a business loan at a lower interest rate.

Documents Required:

Listed below is the list of documents that must be submitted by the applicant in order to avail a business loan:

  • Bank account statement of the past 6 months
  • Income tax returns of the last 3 years
  • Proof of business
  • Proof of ownership of the possessions that are used in the business
  • Identity proof like PAN card, Aadhaar card, Voter ID card.
  • KYC documents of co-applicant (if any)
  • Proof of residence.

See Also: Business Loans For Women

These are some of the general documents that must be submitted to get a business loan approved. However, the bank in its capacity can ask for additional documents for verification purposes.

Pros and Cons of Business Loan:


  • Unsecured business loans do not require collateral which means a borrower can avail a loan without pledging any assets or property. Be prepared to pay higher interest rates. Secured business loans charge lower interest rates.
  • Business loans require KYC documents along with business documents for the approval of loan. The process of applying for a business loan can also be done online without any manual intervention.
  • Business loans can be availed for any kind of business needs like working capital requirements, to manage operational costs or for the growth and expansion of a business.

See Also: How To Get A Business Loan From A Bank?


  • The interest rate of the business loan is higher than other loans. This is mainly for unsecured business loans.
  • The rules and eligibility criteria for business loans are rigid as compared to other loans. The eligibility criteria varies across banks.
  •  A person with a low credit score may not be able to secure a business loan. Banks consider credit score to be an important factor while sanctioning business loans.

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