The integrated rural development program is a social upliftment scheme, implemented by the Government of India. The program was launched in the year 1978 and was implemented in the year 1980. The IRDP is a comprehensive program that aims to eradicate poverty from the grass root level, by providing employment opportunities to the rural families living below the poverty line. The program provides subsidies and helps beneficiaries improve their skills by setting up vocational training.
This program was started in 2,300 development blocks. From 2nd Oct 1980, the program was implemented in all 5,011 blocks of India. About 600 families are offered help each year, of which 400 families are related to agriculture and other fields. About 100 families are selected who are related to rural and cottage industries and the remaining 100 families serve in the field of employment.
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The main objective of the integrated rural development program is to help families living below the poverty line, improve their living conditions and empower them by providing opportunities to increase income. The government helps them in the agricultural and small industries sector, by providing subsidized loans and free vocational training. The beneficiaries of the integrated rural development program are as follows:
As the integrated rural development program was devised to help the poor families living in rural India, the government provides help in the form of subsidies and term credit advance through commercial banks, co-operative and regional rural banks, RRBs. The subsidies provided by the government under the IRDP are as follows:
The highest amount of subsidy provided by the Government has been Rs 6,000 for SC/ST families. From this group; SC/ST candidates, women and differently-abled people are guaranteed subsidies of 50%, 40% and 3% respectively.
First priority is also given to those among this group, who have been assigned the ceiling surplus land while the Green card holders who fall under the category of free bonded labourers and family welfare programmes are also given high priority.
SEE ALSO: Integrated Rural Development Programme
The implementation of the integrated rural development program is carried out through the government agencies who work at the grass root level to assure the beneficiaries are provided with the benefits of this program. The integrated rural development program is implemented through the following government bodies:
The integrated rural development program is a government scheme which is funded by the government for the alleviation of rural poverty. The scheme is funded on a 50:50 basis; where one half is provided by the state government and the other half is funded by the central government.
The target group under the integrated rural development program consists of small and marginal farmers, labourers and rural artisans living below the poverty line. As far as implementation of the program is concerned, it has been successfully adopted and operated by the Block Development offices across the nation.
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Under this scheme, the central government allocates funds, by considering the proportion of rural poor in a particular state, in comparison to the total rural poor throughout the country. The government provides assistance by offering subsidies and term credit advanced through financial institutions like commercial banks, cooperatives and regional rural banks.
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