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Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Research Team | Posted On Friday, February 15,2019, 06:20 PM

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Ministry of Health and Family Welfare



Ministry of Health and Family Welfare History:

The Ministry of family and welfare is a nodal Ministry under the Government of India that is authorized with the management of health policy in India. The ministry is responsible for overseeing the functions of Central Government Hospitals and their management. It also addresses health concerns of the people through Subordinate Offices/Institutes spread all over the country.

Currently the health and welfare ministry is headed by Jagat Prakash Nadda. The ministry of health and family welfare comprises of two departments:

  • Department of health and family welfare
  • Department of health research.

SEE ALSOMinistry of health and family

Ministry of health and family welfare Objectives:

The objective of the Ministry of health and family welfare is to design functional, aesthetically pleasing, cost and energy efficient buildings. This includes designing general and super-specialty hospitals for Emergency Medical Care, Infectious diseases and Referral Hospitals, Medical Colleges, Dispensaries, Polyclinics, Drug Stores and Medical Quality Control, Testing & Research Laboratories in all the systems.

The designs are fully sensitive to the distinctive nature and requirements of various recognized medical systems like Allopathy, Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani, Naturopathy and Homoeopathy, so that every citizen has access to health care and specialty treatment.

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Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

Current health minister of India:

Currently, the office of ministry of health and family welfare is headed by the Cabinet Minister, Jagat Prakash Nadda.

13 National health programs:

There are 13 national health programs initiated and promoted by the ministry of health and family welfare to combat life threatening and other major diseases prevailing in India. These health programs aim to minimize/eliminate diseases by spreading awareness, building infrastructure like hospitals and nursing homes, and extending health care facilities to all citizens of India. Given below are some of the health care programs and their objectives:

National AIDS Control Programme (AIDS) Department of Aids Control (National AIDS Control Organisation):

This program was launched by the government of India with the aim to control the spread of HIV/AIDS. The programme succeeded in reducing the estimated number of annual new HIV infections in adults by 57% during the last decade, through scaled up prevention activities.

The program was launched in the year 1992 with the focus of the National AIDS Control Programme, on achieving the seventy five percent (75%) reduction in new HIV infections. The national aids control organizations have taken measures to ensure people living with HIV have equal access to quality healthcare services.

The NACO is motivated and committed in eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis and the elimination of discrimination and stigmatization of people living with HIV. NACO is committed to consistently fabricate strategic responses for combating HIV/AIDS situation in India.

SEE ALSONational AIDS Control Programme

National Cancer Control Programme (cancer) (since 1985):

National Cancer Registry Programme (NCRP) was initiated in 1982 by ICMR, which gives a picture of the magnitude and patterns of cancer. There are two types of registries; Population Based Cancer Registry and Hospital Based Cancer Registries, started in January 1982.

The Population-based registries take the sample population in a geographically defined area while the Hospital-based registries take the data from patients coming to a particular health institution. At present we have 21 Population-based registries and 6 Hospital-based registries all over India. The objectives of this health program include:

  • Primary prevention of cancer by health education.
  • Secondary prevention i.e. early detection and diagnosis of cancer.
  • Strengthening of existing cancer treatment facilities, which are woefully inadequate.
  • Palliative care in terminal stage of the cancer.

National Leprosy Eradication Programme (leprosy):

The National Leprosy Eradication Programme is a centrally sponsored Health Scheme of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. The Programme is headed by the Deputy Director of Health Services (Leprosy), under the administrative control of the Directorate General Health Services, Government of India.

While the NLEP strategies and plans are formulated centrally, the programme is implemented by the States/UTs. The Programme is also supported as Partners by the World Health Organization, The International Federation of Anti-leprosy Associations (ILEP) and few other Non-Government Organizations.

National Mental Health Programme (mental health):

The Government of India has launched the National Mental Health Programme (NMHP) in 1982, with the following objectives:

  • To ensure the availability and accessibility of minimum mental healthcare for all in the foreseeable future, particularly to the most vulnerable and underprivileged sections of the population.
  • To encourage the application of mental health knowledge in general healthcare and in social development.
  • To promote community participation in the mental health service development and to stimulate efforts towards self-help in the community.

National Tobacco Control Programme (tobacco control):

The National Tobacco Control Cell (NTCC) at the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), are responsible for overall policy formulation, planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the different activities envisaged under the National Tobacco Control Programme (NTCP).

The National Cell functions under the direct guidance and supervision of the programme in-charge from the MoHFW i.e. Joint Secretary/Director. Technical assistance is provided by the identified officers in the Directorate General of Health Services i.e. Deputy Director General (DDG) / Chief Medical Officer (CMO). The NTCC is supported by Consultants in specific areas of tobacco control.

National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) (vector-borne disease):

The National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP), is one of the most comprehensive and multi-faceted public health activities in the country and concerned with prevention and control of vector borne diseases namely Malaria, Filariasis, Kala-azar, Dengue and Japanese Encephalitis (JE).

The Directorate of NVBDCP is the nodal agency for programme implementation, in respect of prevention and control of these vector borne diseases. This Directorate provides technical assistance and support in terms of cash and commodity to the various states/UTs. The programme implementation is the responsibility of the states/UTs.

Pilot Programme on Prevention and Control of Diabetes, CVD and Stroke (diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and stroke):

Pilot National Programme for Prevention and Control of Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPDCS) was launched on 4th Jan 2008, by Deputy Chairman of Planning Commission. The objectives of the pilot program are as follows:

  • Risk reduction for prevention of NCDs.
  • Early diagnosis and appropriate management of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and stroke.

Revised National TB Control Programme (tuberculosis):

The national TB control program is based on the findings of the operational studies conducted.  A draft recommendation for the District Tuberculosis Programme was prepared in 1961, keeping in mind an average Indian district, its population and health facilities available. Listed below are the objectives of the national TB control program.

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