The Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana has reached its milestones within 4 years of its implementation and has covered 715 districts. The statistics reveal that a total of 5, 41, 22,556 connections number have been provided by the government under the PMUY scheme. In the forthcoming term, the Prime Minister aims for 10 crore gas connections with a provision of 45% of the connections to Dalit and tribal families.
The Ujjwala Yojana was launched by the Prime Minister of India to provide the poor families access to LPG gas connections. The spread of gas connections has primarily been in the rural and urban areas with its usage mostly seen in middle-class and affluent families. Under this scheme, the government will subsidize and enrol BPL families under the scheme. The beneficiaries will receive financial support of Rs. 1600 per day and the scheme will be implemented in the next three years.
This will ensure the empowerment of woman belonging to the economically backward classes of the society. The government has disbursed funds of Rs. 8000 crore for the implementation of the scheme. The identification of the beneficiaries will be carried out by officials as per the SECC data.
To receive the benefits of the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) scheme, the applicants must have some minimum eligibility criteria which are as follows:
The main objectives of the scheme are to provide LPG connection to the poor households at subsidized rates. The scheme has been launched to reduce the usage of unclean fossil fuels for cooking and consequently curb health hazards and environmental deterioration. The scheme gives financial support of Rs. 1600 which covers the administrative cost and includes cost of cylinder, pressure regulator, and booklet and safety hose.
The scheme is launched by the Government of India and will be implemented by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas. This is of the pioneer scheme that will be implemented by the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas at such an enormous scale that will benefit millions of woman and the BPL households. The implementation process will be as follows:
The PM Ujjwala Yojana scheme is meant to benefit the poor households by extending a means to avail LPG gas connection at subsidized rates. The main aim of the scheme is to provide clean fuel to the woman living below the poverty line who generally uses unclean cooking fuel that harms their health and leads to severe diseases. The scheme was originally meant to benefit almost 5 crores poor BPL families.
Previously the connections were provided based on the 2011 Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC). Later the scheme was expanded to all SC/ST households, backward classes, forest and island dwellers, tribes and people living in tea estates along with beneficiaries of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana and Antyodaya Yojana.
See Also: Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana
Causes of success: it is rare to find a scheme that has been implemented so successfully and has been completed within its given timeframe. The implementation of the scheme has been overlooked and supervised by the minister of petroleum and natural gas, the secretaries in the ministries and the chairpersons and managing directors of oil marketing companies personally. They have personally taken efforts to understand the issues faced by the beneficiaries and understand the ground reality. The scheme found success due to the robust foundation and the direct benefits transfers.
Expanded LPG connection: the scheme increased the household coverage from 51% to about 81% in 3 years. The beneficiaries do not have to wait in queues to get the cylinders. Ample availability and subsidy on cylinders also contributed towards much of its success.
Though the implementation of the scheme has been quite successful the scheme has failed to achieve its main target. The most important objective of this scheme was to reduce the use of unclean fossil fuel. It is believed that a large portion of the population is still using agro-based and unclean fossil fuel for cooking. This can be attributed to the unaffordability as well as non-availability of gas. The cylinders are very expensive and a reformation of the prices is necessary.
Also, the subsidy against the refill is credited to the bank accounts without delay. But many beneficiaries do not have the income to make the additional payment needed for the refill. Other minor issues like not updating of mobile numbers etc. have deprived the beneficiaries of the refill amount. Other problems are related to areas with low delivery volumes and issues of feasibility and cost have affected delivery in hilly and sparsely populated areas.
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