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Systematic Investment Planning

IndianMoney.com Research Team | Updated On Tuesday, November 20,2018, 02:28 PM

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Systematic Investment Planning

 

 

We have all heard the phrase “Little Drops Of Water , Little Grains Of Sand , Make The Mighty Ocean And The Beauteous Land”, What does this phrase mean ? This basically means that Systematic Investments with thoughtful planning and hard work leads to fruitful gain and immense wealth. Don’t We All Want To Be Rich? Shouldn’t We Give Thought To Our Investment Planning?. Don’t we all know the story of the farmer who gained a Kingdom by placing grains of rice on a chessboard. Here the King in jest asked the farmer what do you want which I cannot give..... The farmer asked for 1 grain of rice on the first square of the chessboard, 2 grains on the second square, 4 on the third square and consequently doubling of grains on each square. We all know that the chessboard has 64 squares. The king sent his servant to do the needful .But as the servant started piling on the grains the King found that all the grains in his kingdom were not sufficient to pay off the farmer and he had to forfeit his kingdom. Never Underestimate The Power Of Compounding….You can lookup the website IndianMoney.com in order to study about mutual funds.

What is Systematic Investment Planning? 

Systematic Investment Planning popularly called SIPs is a smart way of investing in mutual funds. You invest a certain pre-determined amount regularly say once each day, week, fortnight or month in a mutual fund scheme of your choice.  SIPs are not mutual funds but a way of investing in mutual funds. Investment in mutual funds via SIPs has two main advantages:

  • It encourages a disciplined approach in investments.
  • You get the benefit of rupee cost averaging.

Here we understand SIP in the following manner. Here a fixed sum of money say INR 2000 is deducted each month from your bank account and invested in a mutual fund scheme of your choice on a particular day of the month. This translates to an amount of INR 24000 per annum, Here a relatively small or an innocuous investment may help us purchase a good number of shares of blue chip companies. We know the BSE Sensex languished at levels of 8000-9000 in the year 2008 and early 2009.It has now stabilized at 19000 Levels. Imagine the returns these investments would have generated if you had invested in an SIP in the year 2008-09,

How Does SIP Work?

In case of SIP on a specified date a fixed amount as specified by you is deducted from your bank amount. The amount debited is then invested in a particular mutual fund scheme of your choice at fixed time periods such as the first day of each month. Many AMC and fund houses provide the online option for our SIP investments. Here you are provided with an internet personal identification number, This helps you to track and make your investments online, Here you have the flexibility to invest on a daily, monthly or on a quarterly basis.

Types of Systematic Investment Planning

Top-Up SIP: Top-Up SIPs allow you to increase SIPs with time. If your mutual fund scheme is performing well, increase SIP amounts with Top-Up SIPs. Increasing investments at regular time intervals, helps achieve financial goals.

Perpetual SIPs: Perpetual SIPs allow you to invest for a pre-determined tenure in a mutual fund scheme of choice. You have a choice not to enter the end date in the SIP mandate. You can redeem money when the fund closes and achieve financial goals.

Flexible SIPs: You can increase or decrease SIP amounts with flexible SIPs. Flexible SIPs are very useful when there’s a cash crunch. You have the flexibility to postpone SIP installments till financial situation improves. Invest in flexible SIPs if you get a salary hike or a bonus. You will have to change the investment amount for that month at least 7 days before SIP date.

Trigger SIPs: If you have knowledge on stocks, understand market volatility and the volatility index (VIX), opt for trigger SIPs. If you want to use a trigger SIP, select index level, event, specific date or NAV to trigger/start the SIP.

How to choose a SIP?

  • Choose SIP based on investment objective: Before investing in a mutual fund via SIPs, get your investment objectives right. Answer these questions:
  • Are you a short-term or long-term investor?
  • What is your risk appetite and time horizon for investments?

Choose based on type of mutual fund:

Equity fund: Equity funds can be classified as large-cap, mid-cap, small-cap, multi-cap funds. Equity funds are suitable for aggressive investors.

Debt funds: Debt funds invest in fixed income. They are suitable for conservative investors.

Balanced funds: Balanced funds invest in a mix of equity + debt. They are suitable for moderate risk takers.

Historical Performance: Compare mutual fund scheme performance over 3-5 years. Historical performance tells how strong or weak a mutual fund scheme is vis-à-vis market volatility.

Reputation of fund house: Choose SIP from a reputed fund house. Take a look at the procedure to get details on mutual fund performance, number of schemes, products designed and so on.

Expense ratio: Choose funds which have low total expense ratio (TER), all others being equal.

How to invest in SIP?

STEP 1: Understand risk appetite and Investment Objective:

Understand risk tolerance (How much risk you can and are willing to bear in investment). Based on this, choose the mutual fund scheme like equity, debt or balanced scheme.

STEP 2: Choose the mutual fund:

After choosing the mutual fund, follow these steps:

  • Fill application form.
  • Submit cheque for offline mode for monthly SIPs. Fill ECS form for online mode.
  • Provide cancelled cheque and residential address.
  • Fill KYC Form.    

STEP 3: Select SIP date

Mutual funds offer dates like 1, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 28.

STEP 4: Decide on SIP duration:

Choose the SIP duration to meet financial goals. Opt for the ECS mandate on SIPs.

SIP benefits:

  • SIPs are a hassle free way of investing in mutual funds.
  • Good for investors who don’t like lump sum investments.
  • SIPs can be stopped anytime, if you don’t have money to invest in mutual funds with no penalties.
  • There are no charges for investing in SIPs.
  • You can make small payments with SIPs.
  • SIPs can be started online in a hassle free manner.
  • Encourages disciplined investing.
  • SIPs are great for first-timers in mutual funds.
  • They are ideal for retail investors.
  • SIPs help increase or decrease the amount being invested.

SIP Calculations:

There are a number of calculators around which help calculate SIP amounts.

STEP 1: You can invest a minimum of Rs 500 a month in SIPs. Enter the monthly SIP amount to be invested.

STEP 2: Check rate of return on SIPs.

STEP 3: Check the tenure of investment in the SIP maturity calculator. Opt for SIP tenure of at least 6 months. You can choose a longer tenure for higher returns.

A SIP calculator helps get an idea on the returns from mutual funds. This gives an idea on how much you must invest to achieve financial goals. 

Why Does One Need To Invest In A Systematic Investment Plan

Good Management Of The Fund

Here the fund is managed by a professional fund manager and an analyst whose job is to analyse the market conditions, Here he has to analyze the state of the economy and the market conditions and make informed decisions. Here this saves you precious time as everyone is short of time these days and you can concentrate on your chosen career and vocation, This helps you to generate those high returns as a benefit from Systematic Investment Plans.

SEE ALSO:Difference between SIP and Mutual fund

There Is No Need To Time The Market

Here you might find it difficult to make that important decision. When Can I Enter The Market? Here you might have noticed that by the time you make that decision to put in your money the market value would have reached soaring levels. It Is Too Late Now…Similarly when you sell your mutual funds you might hesitate and not realize the profits you could have made. I personally made this mistake in the year 2009 in the month of May when the market hit 2 upper circuits in a single day .Even before I realized what had happened the opportunity was lost. Here SIP helps to solve the problem of timing of markets, Since we stay invested we are able to realize vast profits.

I Hardly Feel The Strain Of Making These Investments

Here the outgoing amounts may be as less as INR 500/ month and we hardly realize that we are investing in the market. At the end of the year this might translate to an investment of INR 6000.This is highly fruitful for a small time investor who doesn’t have too many funds to invest in the market.

SEE ALSO:What is a Term Insurance Plan?

Method Of Averaging

Here when the market is down we find the NAV of the mutual fund is greatly reduced. Here we are able to garner a larger number of mutual fund units due to a fall in its NAV. Similarly when the market value is high the NAV of the mutual fund rises and we are able to procure lesser number of such mutual fund units. During periods of downturn in the market we are able to get a greater number of mutual funds and when the markets are at higher levels lesser number of mutual fund units are obtained .Here when market values are low it is the best time to purchase mutual funds through SIP.

When Is It A Good Time To Invest In An SIP

The answer for this one is simple there is no good time .Always stay invested. We have seen various time periods in the market. The dot.com crash of 2000 when all the IT Stocks crashed ,The sticky bear markets of the year 2001-2003 ,The driving forces that propelled the markets from the year 2003-2007. In the year 2007 the market gave us stupendous returns. We then had the USA Subprime crisis in the year 2008 where all stocks crashed to record lows. This continued till mid Year 2009 .The markets again took off and we had periods of great returns till the year 2012.In the mid year 2012 we noticed a period of great stagnation. Telecom and Power stocks were badly battered. The markets again took off with sweeping reforms made in the Insurance and retail sectors. By the end of 2012 till the first quarter of 2013 the markets hovered around the 19000 Levels. So Can You Please Tell Me When Can I Enter The Market? Here we see that there is no proper way to time the market and it is best to stay invested in the market through SIP.

Are SIP’s Really That Good

Here we have seen the equity markets in India give us a CAGR of 20% in the last 10 years and a CAGR of 10% in the last 20 years. These easily beat the inflation index in the country .But these figures can be misleading, After the record highs of the year 2007 we notice that the market crashed in 2008.So let us say that if you had made bulk of your investments in the year 2007 you would be having heavy losses. Here the job of an SIP is to save our investments from the volatility of the markets. Here the story would be very different in investments made in SIP over a single year time frame. Here if the SIP was made in the year 2007 we might have had negative CAGR in the year 2008.However few financial instruments beat SIP in the 5-10 year time frame and SIP are known to give CAGR returns of 15%.We know that few financial instruments can match such kinds of returns,

Disadvantages Of Systematic Investment Planning

Here I would like to explain the disadvantages of an SIP by using a simple example .Here let us consider Mr Uday and Mr Rajesh, Here Mr Uday made a bulk investment of INR 50000 in the month of December 2008.The Sensex was around 9000 at that point of time. A year later the Sensex was around 17000. Imagine the returns Mr Uday would have made in one year.. Here Mr Rajesh invests a sum of INR 5000 per month from December 2008 , After May 2009 the Sensex had moved rapidly to 12000 to 15000 Levels where about INR 25000 of Mr Rajesh investments were made. He would have purchased lesser no of mutual fund units owing to Higher NAV, Here Mr Uday would have made handsome returns when compared to Mr Rajesh even though Mr Rajesh invests in SIP. Here luck also plays an important factor.

Limited Option Of Dates

Here you would have to decide in advance on which dates you would like to start your SIP. Most of the mutual funds have limited dates to invest in the SIP. They could be 5th, 10th or 15th of the month. Here you would like to lessen your risks by investing a number of SIP’s on different dates of the month, Here you might not get the dates you would like to invest your SIP’s on. We know that in stock markets every day proves crucial; hence it is essential to invest in SIP’s on the day we want to invest. Another important factor we need to notice is that SIP is a fixed amount of deduction; here we feel that the market is undervalued. We want to invest more. When the market is overvalued we want to invest less. This might not be possible.

Charges Associated With SIP

Here SIP’s were charged an entry load of 1 %. Here AMC used to bear the bulk of costs of the Distribution charges. Owing to the popularity of these SIP the entry load was raised to 2.25%.as AMC could no longer cover the brokerage costs .Here there are stiff penalties for terminating the plan early or missing a payment. The initial set up charges are also very high. At present equity funds can charge a maximum of 2.5% as Total Expense Ratio. Here we also have trail commission, advertisement and sales charges and distribution charges. Before investing in an SIP be sure of what you want.

Here I would like to end this article with the famous saying " He Who Must Catch Pearls Must Dive Below " Here everything takes effort and without pains nothing is obtained. So plan your SIP and do not forget to pay them on time. .Here I would like to remind you that the team of Financial Planners at IndianMoney.com is always ready to plan your Mutual Fund needs in an efficient manner, You can explore this unique free advisory service by giving a missed call at 022 6181 6111.

Mistakes to avoid when investing in SIPs:

  • Choose an ideal amount when investing in SIPs, so that you don’t have to stop half-way.
  • Choose the right fund based on risk tolerance. Invest in equity if you are a aggressive investor. Invest in debt funds if you are a moderate investor.
  • Stay invested in SIPs for the long term.
  • Increase the amounts invested in SIPs to meet financial goals. Use SIPs to create an emergency fund. 

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IndianMoney.com Research Team

The research team at IndianMoney.com comprises of certified and experienced professionals who share the company's vision to make every Indian financially literate by equipping every Indian with right and unbiased advice. IndianMoney.com research team provides newsletters, articles, videos and FAQs on various financial products and concepts only to help you make wise financial decisions.

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