A dream home is something you buy once in your life time. The price of a dream residential apartment is in many lakhs and if purchased in the metro cities can be in crores. Such a high cost means any mistakes you make while buying your dream apartment can haunt you for a lifetime.
Remember : If you buy your dream apartment in haste then you will have to repent at leisure.
When you visit the builder’s office you would see a sample (model of your dream apartment made with plaster of Paris) complete with ceiling, wooden furnishings, marble tiles, glass panes and a spacious kitchen.
Apartments are well marketed by builders. To attract customers the sample model of the apartment might show a spacious kitchen, expensive tiles and flooring and glass partitioning which might not be provided in the actual apartment.
Remember : What you see might not be what you get.
You need to enquire if all these amenities would be provided with the actual constructed apartment and if yes would you have to pay more for them. Builders charge an additional 10% at the time you take possession of the flat towards super built up area.(Common spaces such as lift, lobbies and parking lots).
Remember : If you avail a home loan from a reputed bank the due diligence (document check) of the residential property and the builder’s track record would be verified by the bank.
The flat allotment letter gives you the buyer the right over the flat/apartment.
You would get the flat allotment letter once you make a payment of 15-20% of the cost of the apartment to the builder. Remember : You need a flat allotment letter when you avail a home loan from your bank.
Builders are known to give an ambiguous time frame for the possession date of your flat.(possession will be handed over in 2-3 years and no exact date is specified). Try to get an exact possession date if possible. This could be difficult as generally all clauses and rulings favor builders and since the real estate sector is not regulated in India you need to make sure that you get what you pay for. You get the possession of the flat after you make all the payments to the builder.
You must have heard of cases where builders complete half the construction and then hold customers to ransom (Pay more or else….) You need to include a late penalty clause in the agreement (flat allotment letter) that has a punishment (a high payment paid to you) in case the builder does not give you the possession of the flat in time. The penalty could be the monthly rentals you would have got had the flat been completed in time.(Say INR 15000 for each month of delay).
A penalty payment of INR 5-7 per square foot to be paid by the builder for each month of delay .(If the size of the apartment is 1200 square foot the builder would have to pay INR 6000-8400 for each month of delay). The builder definitely has a clause where you would have to pay a fine if you do not make your payments on time. So why should you not protect yourself too? Why should all clauses favor only the builder?
Why you need to get possession of that new residential apartment from your builder within 3 years (Self occupied residential flat or apartment) if you have availed a home loan?
Remember : If your flat is not completed in time you lose tax benefits.
The builder inserts a clause where he is entitled to an extension in time if the construction is delayed due to factors beyond his control.
The factors may be :
Well this pretty much includes everything.....
The builder would charge you an interest of 18-20% of the outstanding amount (Amount you have to pay) for each day of delay from the due date. (Day you were supposed to make the payment). Compare this with the measly sum (small amount) you get if the builder delays the possession of your dream residential apartment.
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