Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his Independence Day address at the Red Fort in New Delhi, announced an outlay of Rs 3.5 Lakh Crore for the Jal Jeevan Mission. The aim of the Jal Jeevan Mission is to provide drinking water to all citizens of India. The Centre and the States would join together under the Jal Jeevan Mission to provide piped water to every household in India.
The scheme was launched with the aim of ‘Har Ghar Jal’ or supplying piped water to every rural household by 2024. Jal Jeevan Mission focuses on Rainwater Harvesting, Groundwater recharge, Reuse of waste water for agricultural purposes and so on. PM Modi said that nearly half of India had no access to drinking water and this was a serious deterrent in the country’s efforts to combat poverty. Half the households in India have no access to drinking water. Half their day is spent in getting water. The Government wants to provide drinking water to all. He also added that just like the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, the Jal Jeevan Mission must also be a people’s mission.
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Rainwater harvesting is a very simple method in which rainfall is collected for future use. Rainwater harvesting is the collection and storage of rain water for human, plants and animal needs. This water can be used in time of need.
See Also: Basics of Financial Planning
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Groundwater recharge is basically water moving downwards from surface water to groundwater. The recharge zone is the area where water enters an aquifer. In India poor monsoons mean crop failures, poverty, even farmer suicides. This problem can be solved by groundwater recharge. Low intensity rainfall is best for groundwater recharge.
Groundwater supports about 60% of irrigated agriculture and meets around 80% of rural and urban water needs. However, as cities develop there is more run off during the monsoons. Less water soaks through the ground to recharge the aquifers. Now, the Government is trying to put in measures for better rainwater harvesting and groundwater recharge.
In the past two decades the city of Bengaluru has seen built-up area rise from 8% to 77%. It has also lost fourfifths of its water bodies. As lakes dry up, Bengaluru looks up to rainwater harvesting and groundwater recharge to meet its water needs. Bengaluru can also look to the “One Million Wells for Bengaluru”, initiate to solve its water problems.
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