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What is PE Ratio? Research Team | Posted On Tuesday, July 03,2018, 04:12 PM

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What is PE Ratio?




Investing in the stock markets is all about making money. You have to take a high risk for high returns. If you are into stocks, you must be familiar with the PE Ratio.

What is PE Ratio? The Price Earnings ratio popularly called PE Ratio, is a popularly used value indicator used by stock market investors in India. Stocks which have a lower PE Ratio are believed to have a cheaper current price, than stocks which have a higher PE Ratio.

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What is PE Ratio?


Why is PE Ratio important? PE Ratio tells you how much you pay for a single rupee of a Company’s earnings. A stock with a PE Ratio of 15 means you are paying 15 Rupees for every one rupee of Company earnings.


1. PE Ratio is of 2 types:


  • Trailing PE or Historical PE which uses the prior 12 months of earnings.
  • Forward PE which estimates the future earnings of the Company. Though Forward PE is a good indicator, it’s quite uncertain as future earnings will have to be estimated.


2. How to measure PE Ratio?


PE Ratio = Market Price per share / Earnings per share.

Let’s calculate the PE Ratio of Rain Industries:

Price of Rain Industry share = Rs 200

Earnings per share = 6.65

Rain Industries PE Ratio = 200 / 6.65 = 30


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3. Let’s compare Rain Industries with another peer (Company in the same industry).


Let’s calculate the PE Ratio of Ambuja Cements

Price of Ambuja Cements share = Rs 853

Earnings per share = 19.39

Ambuja Cements PE Ratio = 853/19.39 = 44.

You find the PE Ratio of Ambuja Cements is more than the PE Ratio of Rain Industries. This is because if you buy a share of Ambuja Cements, you have to pay Rs 44 for each Rupee the Company earns, whereas if you buy a share of Rain Industries, you pay just Rs 30 for each Rupee of Company earnings.


4. Is a Company with lower PE Ratio a better buy?


Let’s say shares of a Company XYZ = Rs 100

Let’s say shares of a Company ABC= Rs 200

According to observations, shares of Company ABC are more costly than shares of Company XYZ. But is this true?

Let’s take a look at the PE Ratio. Let’s assume Company ABC has a PE Ratio of 10. Company XYZ has a PE Ratio of 20.

This means if you buy the shares of Company ABC, you pay just Rs 10 for every Rupee earnings of the Company. If you buy the shares of Company XYZ, you pay Rs 20 for every Rupee earnings of the Company. This means even though shares of Company ABC cost Rs 200, a P/E ratio of 10 makes it cheaper than shares of Company XYZ, which have a P/E ratio of 20, even though price of the share is just  Rs 100.


Just because a Company has a low P/E doesn’t make it cheap. A Company may have a low P/E because its business is not doing too well or it’s suffering heavy losses. Clearly P/E Ratio alone is not enough to decide if the shares of the Company are a good buy.


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