Life today is full of expenses. There is no money to meet day to day expenses. With great difficulty some money is saved. Investing to get a pension is out of question.The Government of India has realized the need to have a good pension scheme so that you could get a good pension amount in your retired years.
The USA has a social security scheme where the aged and the retired are given money (pension) for their needs. For the growth and progress of India an excellent pension scheme such as the New Pension Scheme is a must.This is why the new pension scheme is useful.
The Government of India launched the new pension scheme on the 1st April 2009.If you are between 18 to 55 years of age you can subscribe to the new pension scheme.You have to contribute a minimum amount of INR 6000 per year which can be paid at once (single installment) or can be paid in installments of at least INR 500 a month.
You can invest any amount in a new pension scheme (no upper limit). Your money is locked (You cannot withdraw the money) until you are 60 years of age.On retirement (age of 60 years) you get 60% of the amount (Corpus built) as a lump sum. You can also withdraw 60% of the amount in a phased manner (slowly in installments) after 60 years until you are 70 years of age. You have to compulsorily purchase an immediate annuity plan with 40% of the amount which is left behind.
If you withdraw the money before 60 years you will get only 20% of the corpus (money collected) and you will have to compulsorily take an annuity policy with the remaining 80% of the amount. If you (policy holder) die before maturity of the policy your nominee’s can withdraw the whole amount at once.
You have a Tier I account where you make the payments towards the new pension scheme. You cannot withdraw the money from this account until retirement. (age of 60 years).
You can also deposit money in a Tier II account which is a voluntary savings account under the new pension scheme. You can deposit and withdraw money from this account whenever you want. You must have a Tier I account and only then will the new pension scheme give you a Tier II account.
Your money is invested in the new pension scheme under the active choice or the auto choice option.
If you choose the active choose option your money is invested in these 3 asset classes :
Asset Class E : Invests in equity. The investment in equity is of high risk.
Asset Class C : Invests in fixed deposits, public sector bonds, corporate bonds and liquid funds. The investment in fixed income securities is of medium risk.
Asset Class G : An investment in Government Securities. The investment in Government security is very safe.
You can choose the proportions to invest in these assets. A maximum of only 50% can be allocated to equity (Asset Class E). A maximum of 100% can be allocated to Asset Class C or Asset Class G.
If you want a higher return at a higher risk you can invest up to 50% in equity and the remaining amount in fixed income (Asset Class C) and Government securities ( Asset Class G).
If you are risk averse (do not like to take risks) you can invest the total amount in fixed income (Asset Class C) and Government securities ( Asset Class G) where return are lower but so are the risks.
See Also: National Pension System
If you do not opt for the active choice you are given the default option called the auto choice. If you are between 18-36 years of age you are automatically assigned 50% in equity (Asset Class E), 30% in fixed deposits, public sector bonds, corporate bonds and liquid funds (Asset Class C) and 20% in Government securities (Asset Class G).
After you complete 36 years of age the allocation towards highly safe government securities (Asset Class G) goes on increasing and the equity component goes on decreasing. This is necessary to preserve the value of the portfolio (investment). At 55 years the allocation towards government securities (Asset Class G) is 80% with Asset classes C and E accounting for the remaining 20%.
You get a deduction under Section 80C , Section 80 CCC and Section 80 CCD combined up to INR 1.5 Lakhs per year from your taxable salary for your investment in the new pension scheme.Your withdrawals from the new pension scheme are taxed under the EET regime. You get tax concessions for your investment and returns (amount your corpus increases) in the new pension scheme plan.
The 60% lump sum at withdrawal (maturity of the scheme) is added to your taxable salary and taxed as per the income tax slab you fall under. The returns from the immediate annuity (pension) are added to your taxable salary and taxed as per the income tax slab you fall under.
You can approach the points of presence service providers (POP-SP) where you can invest in the new pension scheme. You have to apply for a permanent retirement account number. (PRAN)
Over 900 Branches of Public and Private sector banks are the main points of presence (POP-SP).You can also open a new pension scheme account at the post office.
The fund manager manages your investments in the new pension scheme. The fund management fees are 0.25% of the assets under management (Assets being managed by the fund).
There are 8 fund managers to manage your pension funds :
The Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) is the regulator of the new pension scheme.
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