The United States of America landed the famous Apollo Lunar Module Eagle on the Moon, way back on July 20th 1969. Apollo 11 was a manned spaceflight which landed the first humans on the moon. Commander Neil Armstrong and lunar module pilot Buzz Aldrin were the American crew that landed the Apollo Lunar Module Eagle on the Moon.
Neil Armstrong was the first man on the moon, followed by Buzz Aldrin 19 minutes later. Neil Armstrong coined the famous phrase, “one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.” as he took the first steps on the moon.
Chandrayaan-2 is India’s unmanned moon mission, unlike any other before. The $145 million lunar mission makes India just the 4th Nation to make a soft landing on the moon. If successful, India joins US, Russia and China to make a successful landing on the moon. The Chandrayaan-2 which means moon vehicle in Sanskrit was completed with a relatively low budget compared to other space missions. Prime Minister Narendra Modi and 60-70 school children will be present at the ISRO center in Bengaluru to witness this space feat.
The Rs 978 Crore Chandrayaan-2 unmanned mission would explore a previously unexplored part of the Moon, the South Polar Region. The cost of the satellite was Rs 603 Crore and GSLV MK III costs Rs 375 Crore. The Chandrayaan-2 landing module ‘Vikram’ will begin the final descent for a historic soft landing on the lunar surface, in the early hours of Saturday. ISRO and the entire country will hold its breath as ‘Vikram’ attempts the soft landing.
Vikram has the rover ‘Pragyaan’ housed inside it. It would begin the powered-descent between 1 AM to 2 AM on September 7th and the final touchdown would happen between 1.30 AM to 2.30 AM. The Chandrayaan-2 would attempt a soft landing between the craters Manzinus C and Simpelius N. ISRO Chairman K Sivan said ISRO has not done a soft landing before and this makes it a terrifying moment. After the landing, the rover ‘Pragyaan’ will roll out of the landing module ‘Vikram’ and explore the moon’s surface.
Pragyaan has 6 wheels, three each on both sides. Of the back 2 wheels, one has the Ashoka Chakra and the other, the ISRO emblem. This begs the question. Are moon missions launched just for National Pride or are there any other benefits?
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