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Why We Need to Go To The Moon? Research Team | Posted On Friday, September 06,2019, 03:38 PM

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Why We Need to Go To The Moon?



The United States of America landed the famous Apollo Lunar Module Eagle on the Moon, way back on July 20th 1969. Apollo 11 was a manned spaceflight which landed the first humans on the moon. Commander Neil Armstrong and lunar module pilot Buzz Aldrin were the American crew that landed the Apollo Lunar Module Eagle on the Moon.

Neil Armstrong was the first man on the moon, followed by Buzz Aldrin 19 minutes later. Neil Armstrong coined the famous phrase, “one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.” as he took the first steps on the moon.

Chandrayaan-2 is India’s unmanned moon mission, unlike any other before. The $145 million lunar mission makes India just the 4th Nation to make a soft landing on the moon. If successful, India joins US, Russia and China to make a successful landing on the moon. The Chandrayaan-2 which means moon vehicle in Sanskrit was completed with a relatively low budget compared to other space missions. Prime Minister Narendra Modi and 60-70 school children will be present at the ISRO center in Bengaluru to witness this space feat.

The Rs 978 Crore Chandrayaan-2 unmanned mission would explore a previously unexplored part of the Moon, the South Polar Region. The cost of the satellite was Rs 603 Crore and GSLV MK III costs Rs 375 Crore. The Chandrayaan-2 landing module ‘Vikram’ will begin the final descent for a historic soft landing on the lunar surface, in the early hours of Saturday. ISRO and the entire country will hold its breath as ‘Vikram’ attempts the soft landing.

Vikram has the rover ‘Pragyaan’ housed inside it. It would begin the powered-descent between 1 AM to 2 AM on September 7th and the final touchdown would happen between 1.30 AM to 2.30 AM. The Chandrayaan-2 would attempt a soft landing between the craters Manzinus C and Simpelius N. ISRO Chairman K Sivan said ISRO has not done a soft landing before and this makes it a terrifying moment. After the landing, the rover ‘Pragyaan’ will roll out of the landing module ‘Vikram’ and explore the moon’s surface.

Pragyaan has 6 wheels, three each on both sides. Of the back 2 wheels, one has the Ashoka Chakra and the other, the ISRO emblem. This begs the question. Are moon missions launched just for National Pride or are there any other benefits?

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Why We Need to Go To The Moon?

Why Chandrayaan-2?

  • The landing site of Chandrayaan-2 is completely new terrain. It is the southernmost spot on the moon ever visited by a spacecraft.
  • The Chandrayaan-2 carries 13 instruments from India and one from NASA. There is an imaging infrared spectrometer which maps light reflected from the lunar surface across a wide range of wavelengths. Surface water on the moon if any can be identified and quantified. Surface water absorbs light strongly at certain wavelengths.
  • The Chandrayaan-2 mission would look for water ice on the South Pole of the moon. India would become a space superpower as it’s a low cost moon exploratory mission.
  • Scientists want to understand the origins of the water deposits on the moon and want to find out if water can be mined for future space missions.
  • The mission is simple, how much water is there on the moon’s surface and how it got there.

Benefits of Chandrayaan-2 Mission

  • Solve the Chennai Water Crisis: ISRO during the first moon mission, found water on the surface of the moon. This could solve Chennai’s water problems. No, water will not be brought from the moon to solve the water shortage. India hopes to find Helium-3 on the surface of the moon. Helium-3 which is non-radioactive can power nuclear fusion reactors for centuries. Chennai being a coastal city has a desalination plant to process seawater. But, this is an energy guzzler. Helium-3 could solve the energy problem.

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