What are Gold ETF's?
Commonly referred to as paper gold, they are basically open ended mutual fund schemes, which invest the money collected from investors, in Standard gold bullion of 99.5% purity. The investor's unit holdings are listed on a stock exchange. These do not require any active management and are passively managed and provide returns, in lieu of the physical gold in the spot market. A minimum of 1 unit can be purchased by the investor.
How do Gold ETF's work?
A Gold ETF has its prospectus vetted by SEBI and collects funds from investors. These Gold ETF's collect money from you and other investors and buy assets such as Gold, Debt or may retain a Cash component. They are in dematerialized form and units are issued to you. The mutual fund house purchases gold from a bank.