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Personal Loan

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You may face a financial crisis anytime. You can borrow from family and friends, but it is not wise to challenge the cordiality of relationships just for money. Why not borrow from banks instead?

What is a Personal Loan?

A Personal Loan is a loan sanctioned by a lender, without any security (collateral). So, it is an unsecured loan. Personal Loans are sanctioned by banks and Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs). You don’t need to state any reasons, while availing personal loans.

Personal Loan is the best loan to fund financial emergencies. It is a great way to address a financial crisis, as it allows the borrower to avail a loan without any conditions. Personal loans are sanctioned rather quickly. They may be approved as quickly as 24 - 48 hours, after the borrower submits the loan application.

Personal Loans are availed on the basis of specific criteria, such as level of income, employment history, credit score, and scope for repayment.

Why avail Personal Loans?

No Reason Loan:

Personal Loans can be used for anything you wish.


 

Emergency Loan:

Personal Loan is a loan for an emergency.It can be used for a medical emergency or to fund the marriage of your child.

 

No Collateral:

Banks do not ask for any collateral while sanctioning the loan. There is no need for a Guarantor.

 

Quick Sanctioning:

Personal Loan is sanctioned really fast. It may be as less as 24 hours. Minimal documentation means less processing time.

Key factors to consider for Personal Loan

Features and Benefits of Personal Loans:

  • Flexibility to Use Funds:
    Unlike other loans, personal Loans can be used just as you wish. There are no restrictions and conditions. You can avail Personal Loans for marriage, medical expenses, house renovation, and so on.

  • Quantum of Loans:
    Personal Loans can range from Rs 10,000 to Rs 20 Lakhs. The loan amount depends on the borrower’s financial and credit history.
  • Flexible Tenure:
    Personal Loans are available for a tenure ranging from 12 to 60 months.
  • No Security:
    Personal loans are approved based on the borrower’s income and credit history. As there’s no collateral, many people prefer to use Personal Loans for a financial emergency.
  • Quick sanctioning:
    Personal Loans are sanctioned really fast. It hardly takes 24 to 48 hours for approval. This is because it has minimal documentation.

Documents Required To Availing a Personal Loan

1. For Salaried:

  • Passport
  • Driving License
  • Voters ID
  • PAN Card
  • Passport or utility bills
  • Last 3 months Bank Statement

2. For Self-Employed:

  • Passport
  • Driving License
  • Voters ID
  • PAN Card
  • Passport or utility bills
  • Last 2 years audited financial statements
  • Last 6 months Bank statement
  • Office address proof

Eligibility criteria to avail a Personal Loan

  • A minimum salary of Rs 15,000 to Rs 25,000 a month.
  • You must be between 22-59 years.
  • The borrower must have a bank account.
  • A Minimum CIBIL score of 700 is a must.
  • The borrower must be residing at his/her current residence for at least a year or two.

Rate of interest on Personal loans:

The rate of interest on Personal Loans depends on three major factors:

  • Borrower's income and his ability to service the loan.
  • The Company/Employer for whom the borrower works.
  • The credit history of the borrower.

Rate of Interest on Personal Loans usually ranges from 14% to 17% a year.

What happens when a Personal Loan is not repaid?

If a borrower defaults, CIBIL score is affected. This will reflect badly in his credit information report. The borrower will face issues and difficulties when availing any other loan.

Things to keep in mind while availing a Personal Loan:

  • Rate of Interest:
    Rate of interest charged on Personal loans is quite high as these are unsecured loans. The rate of interest on Personal Loans ranges from 14-17% a year. Interest rate on Personal Loan depends upon the borrower’s income, creditworthiness, age, employer/company, and so on. Before deciding on a particular lender, compare the interest rate charged by different lenders. Then select a Personal Loan with lower interest rates.
  • Charges on a Personal Loan:
    Charges levied on personal loans vary from lender to lender. These charges include documentation charges, collection charges, repayment mode swap charges and cancellation charges. Banks also levy heavy penalties in case of late EMI’s. Be aware of all such charges that bankers may charge.
  • Tenure of Personal Loan:
    Personal loan repayment tenure offered by the lenders varies from 1 to 5 years. Some lenders even offer a longer tenure of 7 years. If you are looking for lower EMIs, then you opt for a higher tenure. If you want to pay off your loan quickly, then you should opt for a shorter tenure. If you choose a longer tenure, then you will end up paying more interest on the loan.
  • Prepayment charges on Personal Loans:
    Borrowers should be careful with prepayment charges. Opt for the lender who does not levy prepayment charges or a lender who charges a lower pre-payment charge.
  • Processing fees on Personal Loans:
    Processing fees on Personal Loans include various expenses incurred by the bank while approving the loan. The processing fee ranges from 1% to 2%. Processing fee is non refundable.

Personal Loan mistakes to avoid:

  • Do not avail too many personal loans:
    Do not avail personal loans for flimsy reasons. You might struggle with the repayments. You could fall behind in payments and your credit score is affected.
  • Borrow as per repaying ability:
    Availing a Personal Loan is easy but repaying is difficult. Debts are fun when acquiring them, but not when repaying them. Personal Loans should be availed only if a borrower is confident about making the repayments in time. Personal loans charge interest as high as 14% to 17% a year. The EMI on your personal loan should not be more than 35- 40% of your salary, after accounting for all other expenses.
  • Do not neglect the fine print:
    Never sign on the dotted line without reading the terms and conditions of the personal loan. Read the fine print before signing up for a Personal Loan with the bank. If there is a fight, dispute or a misunderstanding between the borrower and the bank, the fine print stands against the borrower. Signing the dotted lines means agreeing to the terms and conditions of the loan. Study the terms and conditions of the loan like fees, interest rates, pre-payment charges and pre-closure charges.
  • Do not avail Personal Loans with a long tenure:
    Personal loans have tenure of 1-7 years. Opting for a Personal Loan with tenure of 7 years to have extra time to repay the loan, is not a good idea. Long tenure means borrowers will have to pay more interest.
  • Look out for alternatives:
    Personal loans charge the borrower a very high rate of interest. Borrowers should look for other alternatives like Loan against property, Loan against fixed deposits and Gold loan. These loans can be availed at a much lower interest rate than a Personal Loan.
 

Concepts & FAQ's Personal Loan

What is Personal Loan?

These loans are used by the people for meeting the needs of the family members and also for their own needs. Loans are available from Rs. 20000 to Rs. 20 Lakhs for any purpose depending on your requirement. Repayment can be done in EMI's ranging from 12 to 60 months. The procedure is simple with minimal documentation & quick approval.

Documentation required for Personal Loans: Documents required would be proof of identity, residence, income proof / Income Tax Returns of last 2 years. After verification of the documents the borrower's credit score is checked with Credit Information Bureau (India) limited commonly known as CIBIL. The bank may decide to approve or reject the personal loan based on the CIBIL score and validity of the documents.
Rate of interest on Personal loans: The rate of interest on the personal loan depends on three major factors.

  • Borrower's income and his ability to service the loan
  • The company/employer for which the borrower is working
  • The credit history of the borrower

One also needs to take into consideration the processing fees and prepayment charges while finalizing the loan. Personal loan should be taken only when absolutely necessary. These loans are usually more expensive in terms of interest rate when compared to other loans taken against collateral security like gold jewelry etc.

Thinking of buying a Personal Loan?

To be absolutely sure of WHAT TO LOOK OUT, talk to IndianMoney.com on the phone for FREE financial consultation.

Expert Financial Advisors from IndianMoney.com would provide you unbiased, correct and up to date information so that you can make an informed financial decision.

Frequently Asked Questions

How is my loan eligibility determined?

Loan eligibility depends upon various factors which differ from banks to banks. The main factor of course, is your ability to repay the loan. Also your profile, in terms of residence and the place you work in also matters. Do make sure to check all such other eligibilities before applying. To understand more about eligibility criteria on your personal loan, call us on 080 67974000

Will I need to provide any collateral for my loan?

Personal loans are especially designed for people who don't want to go through the hassles of providing security or hypothecation. This is a total unsecured loan where no form of collateral or guarantee is required.

What are the fees and charges payable and when are they payable?

Apart from the rate of interest bank also do charge some fees which are of usually two types. Once when you are applying for the loan and once when you are pre-closing the loan. The fees when charged at the time of processing called as Processing Fees vary from 2-3% of the loan amount. The second charge is the prepayment penalty paid at the time of pre-closure. This too varies from 2 - 3 %.

How soon can I get my loan money?

Usually banks disburse your loan within seven working days. However, it is recommended that you keep all your documents ready and in order to avoid any delays. The loan is disbursed only after the completion of submitting of all required documents.

What is the maximum tenure of a personal loan?

Personal loan is a short tenure loan. Most of the banks provide you loan for maximum 3 years (36 months) to max 5 years (60 months).

Can I apply for loan, jointly with my spouse?

Yes. Personal Loans can be applied jointly with a co-applicant (either be your spouse or your parents). This helps you to increase your income eligibility and you can also avail for a larger amount of loan, if you want to, as your co-applicants income also gets added to your income and that total is taken into consideration for calculating the loan amount you will be eligible for.

How do I repay the loan?

You can repay the loan in Equated Monthly Installments (EMI's) through post-dated cheques/ECS favoring the respective bank/FIs.

What documents do I need to get a personal loan?

You need to provide proofs of your age, identity, residence address and income. The details of documents that can be used as proof can be found in the personal loan buying guide.

Is the repayment track record of my previous loans considered in calculating my eligibility for a new loan?

It definitely has its benefits! A good repayment track record could fetch you a higher loan amount at a lower interest rate as it is standing proof for your money management capabilities. In case of a bad repayment record you will be charged high interest rates and you will find it difficult to obtain a loan.

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Personal Loan Articles

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Many salaried people are forced to avail personal loans for emergency needs and home loans to buy a dream house. However, debt it seems is unavoidable for the middle class. Surveys conducted by reputed agencies show people avail loans to repay existing loans. This is a sure way of falling into the l ....

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Personal loans are the most popular loans offered by banks and NBFCs. These loans are generally unsecured. Personal loans have a high rate of interest and must be repaid over a fixed tenure. Many people seek personal loans when they are short of funds or need money in an emergency. Unlike home loans ....

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Muthoot Finance offers loan of up to Rs 10 lakh to salaried class

Tuesday, May 21, 2019, 6:02 PM

Muthoot Finance Tuesday said it has expanded its personal loan scheme for customers in Delhi and NCR in which it will offer up to Rs 10 lakh to the salaried class. Under this, Muthoot Finance will give unsecured loans of Rs 1-10 lakh at an interest rate of 13.5-23 percent to salaried class only, the company said at an event.

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A lawsuit was filed against actor Arjun Rampal in Bombay High Court for allegedly failing to pay back a loan of Rs 1 crore which he took from YT Entertainment in May 2018. Rampal reportedly paid Rs 7.5 lakh in November, but failed to pay the entire amount. According to the lawsuit, Arjun promised to pay back the loan within 90 days.

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